What is a Web Server? Types of Web Server | A web server is a program that uses website hosting. Here We have discussed Types of Web Server and Hosting Service. How does Website server Work? Apache web server and a Linux web server is Popular Webspace. Different Webservers are different from working on the Internet.
Definition – What does the Web server mean?
A web server is a program that uses HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol), which is meant to serve files that allow users to create web pages in response to their requests, and to end-users on the Internet or Deliver the services, which are forwarded by their computer’s HTTP.
Customers Dedicated computers and devices can also be referred to as web servers. A web server contains a physical server, server operating system (OS) and software used to facilitate HTTP communication.
“Web server is a computer where web content is stored. Basically, the webserver is used to host web sites, but it also has other web servers like gaming, storage, FTP, Email, etc. A web site is a collection of web servers during the web page is a software that responds to the request of web resources.”
“A web server is also known as an Internet server, web servers are central to any web hosting. Yes, without a web server, you can not even dream of dragging your website content online.”
The HostingBurner Web server interprets:
The simplest definition is that a web server runs a website by returning HTML files over an HTTP connection. The definition may have been correct in the early days of the internet, but the line between website, web application and web services, etc. have become blurred.
For example, the server that saved the XML document on another device might be the webserver. A better definition can be that a web server is an Internet server that responds to HTTP requests to deliver content and services.
All computers hosting the Web sites should have a Web server program. Based on context, the word can refer to hardware or web server software on the word.
In terms of software, there are hundreds of web servers over the years, but Apache (the most widely established Webserver) and Microsoft’s Internet Information Server (IIS) have emerged as the two most popular systems. Other web servers include Novell’s NetWare Server, Google Web Server (GWS) and IBM’s Domino Server family.
Web servers often come in the form of part of a large package of Internet- and intranet-related programs for email serving, come to download files for file transfer protocol (FTP) and create and publish web pages.
Picking a web server incorporates thoughts on how well it functions with Operating System and different servers, Server-side programming, security highlights and particularly distributing, web search engine and website building devices that come with it, The ability to handle.
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When is web server required?
Basically, Web Servers are used by Web Hosting Organizations and expert web application designers. But, actually, anyone who satisfies one of the below categories can use it-
- One who owns a website (to make the local copy on their system resemble what is on the internet).
- One who wants to use server-side technologies, such as, PHP or ColdFusion, can also use the webserver.
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Different types of web servers:
In the open market, there are different types of web servers available. Let’s discuss the most popular web servers. Apache, IIS, Nginx, and LiteSpeed are few of them.
Apache Web Server:
One of the world’s most famous web servers created by Apache Software Foundation Apache is an Open Source Software that supports practically all Operating System including Linux, Unix, Windows, Mac OS and more. About 60 to 70% of machines run on Apache Webserver.
Optimizing Apache Web Server is easy because it has a modular structure. It is also an open-source which means that you can add your own module to the server and modify it according to your requirements when needed.
Apache Web Server is more stable than any other web server and it is easy to solve administrative issues. This Web Server can be successfully installed on multiple platforms.
When you recently compared Apache releases, Apache releases give you the feasibility of handling more requests.
IIS Web Server:
IIS is a Microsoft product. It stands for Internet Information Server. This server has all the features like Apache. But this is not open-source and adding individual modules is not easy, and modification is a bit daunting task.
Microsoft has developed and maintained this product, thus it works with all Windows operating system platforms. In addition, if there is a problem, they provide good customer support.
Nginx Web Server:
Another free open-source Web server is Nginx, which includes an IMAP / POP3 proxy server. Nginx is known for its elite, security, basic design and low asset utilization.
This web server does not use threads to handle requests of too scalable event-driven architecture which uses the small and estimated amount of memory under load. It has been getting popular in recent times and it is hosting approximately 7.5% of all domains around the world. Most web hosting companies have been using it in recent times.
LightSpace web server:
LightSpeed (LSWS) is a high-performance Apache drop-in replacement.LSWS is the fourth most famous web server on the Internet and it is a business web server.
Upgrading your webserver to LightSpeed will improve performance and lower operating costs.
It is compatible with most general Apache features, including mod_rewrite, .htaccess, and mod_security. LSWS can directly load Apache configuration files and works with drop-in replacement Apache with most hosting control panels. It changes Apache with zero downtime in less than 15 minutes.
Unlike other front-end proxy solutions, LSWS changes all Apache functions, simplifies the use and makes Apache easier and easier to transition. Most hosting companies were using the LSWS in recent times.
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How do web servers work?
A page can be seen on the Internet when the browser requests it from the webserver and the webserver responds to that page. A simple diagram of this is given below, as given in the picture:
There are 4 steps in the web server’s work, they are:
1. Obtaining an IP address from the domain name: Our web browser first resolves the IP address to the domain name (eg, the domain name for this page is www.hostingburner.com). It can get IP Address in 2 ways-
By searching in its cache. By requesting one or more DNS (Domain Name System) servers.
Note: Any website is assigned IP address when it is created on the Webserver for the first time.
2. A browser requests a full URL: after knowing the IP address, the browser now demands the full URL from the Webserver.
3. The web server answers the request: The web server responds to the browser by sending the desired pages, and in case, the page does not exist or there is a different error, it will send the proper error message.
When you try to open a webpage, Error 404 will be seen, which is a message sent by the server when the page does not exist.
Another common error is error 401 when access is denied due to incorrect credentials like us, username or password provided by us.
4. The browser displays the web page: Browsers eventually get webpages and display it, or display error messages.
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The main work of the webserver is to display the content of the website. If a web server is not exposed to the public and used internally, then it is called the intranet server. When a web browser (such as Chrome or Firefox) requests a website by adding a URL or web address to an address bar (such as www.hostingburner.com), the browser sends a request to the Internet to see related web pages for it Address. A domain name server (DNS) converts this URL to an IP address (for example 192.168.216.345), which in turn indicates to a web server.
The web server is requested to present the content website in the user’s browser. All websites on the internet have a specific identifier in the context of the IP address. This Internet Protocol address is used to communicate between different servers on the Internet.
These days, the Apache server is the most common Web server available in the market. Apache is open-source software that handles nearly 70 percent of all the websites available today. Most web-based applications use Apache as their default web server environment. Another web server that is usually available in the Internet Information Service (IIS). IIS is owned by Microsoft.
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Most web hosting companies choose web servers based on customer’s requirement, use the number of clients on the server, the application/software client, and the amount of traffic they can handle by the webserver. So, choose the web server that meets your needs.
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